I Thought He Came With You is Robert Ellison’s blog about software, marketing, politics, photography and time lapse.

UAC shield icon in WPF

Updated on Thursday, November 12, 2015

WPF: When it's good it’s very, very good and when it’s bad it’s like sautéing your own eyeballs.

When you’re about to launch a process that will trigger an elevation prompt it’s polite to decorate it with the little UAC shield so the user knows what to expect. Of course there’s no such capability in WPF, and WPF controls have no handles so you can’t use SendMessage / BCM_SETSHIELD as with Windows Forms.

System.Drawing.SystemIcons.Shield seems promising, but it returns the wrong icon on Windows 7 (at least in .NET 4).

SHGetStockIconInfo will allow you to get the correct icon, but isn’t supported on Windows XP. I’ve just added the necessary interop signatures for SHGetStockIconInfo to pinvoke.net so I won’t duplicate that code here. Once you have the interop you can get the correct icon as a BitmapSource using the following code:

BitmapSource shieldSource = null;

if (Environment.OSVersion.Version.Major >= 6)
{
    SHSTOCKICONINFO sii = new SHSTOCKICONINFO();
    sii.cbSize = (UInt32) Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(SHSTOCKICONINFO));

    Marshal.ThrowExceptionForHR(SHGetStockIconInfo(SHSTOCKICONID.SIID_SHIELD,
        SHGSI.SHGSI_ICON | SHGSI.SHGSI_SMALLICON,
        ref sii));

    shieldSource = System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHIcon(
        sii.hIcon,
        Int32Rect.Empty, 
        BitmapSizeOptions.FromEmptyOptions());

    DestroyIcon(sii.hIcon);
}
else
{
    shieldSource = System.Windows.Interop.Imaging.CreateBitmapSourceFromHIcon(
        System.Drawing.SystemIcons.Shield.Handle,
        Int32Rect.Empty, 
        BitmapSizeOptions.FromEmptyOptions());
}

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